This document describes the indexing facilities within breezy.


To provide a clean concept of index that can be reused by different components within the codebase rather than being rewritten every time by different components.


An index is a dictionary mapping opaque keys to opaque values. Different index types may allow some of the value data to be interpreted by the index. For example the GraphIndex index stores a graph between keys as part of the index.


Breezy is moving to a write-once model for repository storage in order to achieve lock-free repositories eventually. In order to support this, we are making our new index classes immutable. That is, one creates a new index in a single operation, and after that it is read only. To combine two indices a Combined* index may be used, or an index merge may be performed by reading the entire value of two (or more) indices and writing them into a new index.

General Index API

We may end up with multiple different Index types (e.g. GraphIndex, Index, WhackyIndex). Even though these may require different method signatures to operate would strive to keep the signatures and return values as similar as possible. e.g.:

GraphIndexBuilder - add_node(key, value, references)
IndexBuilder - add_node(key, value)
WhackyIndexBuilder - add_node(key, value, whackiness)

as opposed to something quite different like:

node = IncrementalBuilder.get_node()
node.key = 'foo'
node.value = 'bar'


An initial implementation of indexing can probably get away with a small number of primitives. Assuming we have write once index files:

Build index

This should be done by creating an IndexBuilder and then calling insert(key, value) many times. (Indices that support sorting, topological sorting etc, will want specialised insert methods).

When the keys have all been added, a finish method should be called, which will return a file stream to read the index data from.

Retrieve entries from the index

This should allow random access to the index using readv, so we probably want to open the index on a Transport, then use iter_entries(keys), which can return an iterator that yields (key, value) pairs in whatever order makes sense for the index.

Merging of indices

Merging of N indices requires a concordance of the keys of the index. So we should offer a iter_all_entries call that has the same return type as the iter_entries call.

Index implementations


GraphIndex supports graph based lookups. While currently unoptimised for reading, the index is quite space efficient at storing the revision graph index for Breezy. The GraphIndexBuilder may be used to create one of these indices by calling add_node until all nodes are added, then finish to obtain a file stream containing the index data. Multiple indices may be queried using the CombinedGraphIndex class.